Attached Solar Greenhouse

 

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A solar greenhouse attached to the south side of a house can reduce heating bills, add a sunny area to escape from long, bleak winters and also extend the growing season for edible plant products like hot house tomatoes. 

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COMMERCIAL GREENHOUSES are not designed to store, and conserve heat, but they do provide a way to jump start seedlings and extend the growing season at minimal cost. Inexpensive polyethylene plastic stretched over a network of steel polls is the kind of investment commercial growers like. If they get a few years from a sheet of plastic they're happy. Special UV protected plastic helps to increase the life span of thin plastic films and double layered films pumped with air are used in cold climates, but few home owners would be happy with this temporary greenhouse.

Home made stand alone greenhouses don't have to be expensive as long as the plastic glazing is changed from time to time.








 

FREE STANDING SOLAR GREENHOUSES are more energy efficient than the commercial greenhouses, but they tend to be more expensive and require more planning. The south side is glazed and the the north foundation wall is  insulated on the outside to prevent heat loss. Thermal shades may be used on the inside of the glazing to retain heat during cold winter evenings. Containers of water are often stacked against the walls to store heat and moderate temperature swings. Without a heat storage system, or thermal shading system a greenhouse could experience extreme temperature fluctuations.











ATTACHED SOLAR GREENHOUSES are versatile. They can be designed to favor home heating or plant growth or both. An attached solar greenhouse should be isolated from a dwelling to provide a net home heat gain. Storing heat inside the greenhouse will moderate temperature swings, but donít expect to heat your house and also keep your greenhouse warm at night.  

Oh No! What about my plants? Wonít they freeze at night when it gets cold?  

They might. Thatís why you have to decide what you want to do. Do you want to heat your house or grow plants? In a mild climate like Georgia you could probably do both. All youíd have to do is open the door between your home and the greenhouse to keep your plants comfortable during a cold snap.  

How about a cold climate like Main ?  

You could  do the same thing in Main , but the heating bill for keeping plants alive in Main all year long could be steep. For cold climates it would be best to shorten the greenhouse growing season.  

 

 

 

 

 


Should I build an active or passive solar greenhouse? Somebody told me that passive is better because no electricity is wasted with fans and pumps to transfer heat.  

Itís up to you but generally speaking passive solar greenhouses are best suited for mild climates with a plentiful supply of sunlight and active systems are needed in cold climates with limited sunlight.

How about style? Should I have go with diagonal or vertical glazing? Well they both have their advantages and disadvantages.
Diagonal glazing has the most heat gain and itís also advantageous for plant growth unless you like your plants to grow sideways.
Actually vertical glazing could work in cold climates where a winter sun would be almost perpendicular to the glazing. Vertically glazed surfaces also loose less heat than diagonal surfaces.

 

 

  

 

 

This is very interesting and my wife and I are very excited about having a solar greenhouse but I have to ask you can a solar greenhouse meet the heating needs of my home?  

Well this will of course will depend on your heating needs and the heating needs of your home and family and how much you're willing to spend. If you live in a mild climate or if you can tolerate extreme temperature swings a solar greenhouse could help you get through a nasty winter, but if your wife is not happy with the heating situation you might wind up on the front lawn in a snow drift. A solar greenhouse is only one part of a well panned energy independent solar heated home.  

 

 

A solar greenhouse should be more than a method of heating a house. A south facing solar thermal roof integrated into a home heating system with PV panels, a solar greenhouse and a wood stove back up could provide the conditions necessary for energy independent housing. Perhaps energy independence is not important today but it may become important in the future in a world without oil.

     

 

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